Class FormFragment

  extended by org.apache.tapestry5.corelib.components.FormFragment
All Implemented Interfaces:

public class FormFragment
extends Object
implements ClientElement

A FormFragment is a portion of a Form that may be selectively displayed. Form elements inside a FormFragment will automatically bypass validation when the fragment is invisible. The trick is to also bypass server-side form processing for such fields when the form is submitted; client-side logic "removes" the form data for the fragment if it is invisible when the form is submitted; alternately, client-side logic can simply remove the form fragment element (including its visible and hidden fields) to prevent server-side processing.

The client-side element will now listen to two new event defined by client-side constants:

Change the visiblity as per the event memo's visibility property. When the visiblity changes, the correct animation is executed.
Hides the element, then removes it from the DOM entirely.

See Also:
TriggerFragment, Form
Component Parameters
NameDescriptionTypeFlagsDefaultDefault PrefixSince
alwaysSubmitIf true, then the fragment submits the values from fields it contains even if the fragment is not visible. The default is to omit values from fields when the enclosing fragment is non visible.booleanprop5.2.0
elementThe element to render for each iteration of the loop. The default comes from the template, or "div" if the template did not specific an element.Stringliteral
hideName of a function on the client-side Tapestry.ElementEffect object that is invoked when the fragment is to be hidden. If not specified, the default "slideup" function is used.Stringliteral
idIf bound, then the id attribute of the rendered element will be this exact value. If not bound, then a unique id is generated for the element.Stringliteral
showName of a function on the client-side Tapestry.ElementEffect object that is invoked to make the fragment visible. If not specified, then the default "slidedown" function is used.Stringliteral
visibleDetermines if the fragment is initially visible or initially invisible (the default). This is only used when rendering; when the form is submitted, the hidden field value is used to determine whether the elements within the fragment should be processed (or ignored if still invisible).booleanprop
visibleBoundA javascript function that overrides the default visibility search bound. Tapestry normally ensures that not only the form fragment but all parent elements up to the containing form are visible when determining whether to submit the contents of a form fragment. This behavior can be modified by supplying a javascript function that receives the "current" element in the chain. Returning true will stop the search (and report "isDeepVisible" as true). Returning false will continue the search up the chain.StringNot Nullliteral5.3

This example will collect a billing address for an order and, optionally, a separate shipping address. Initially, the form will render just the billing address fields:

Clicking the checkbox will trigger an animation that slides down the remainder of the form.

The FormFragment component ensures that client-side validation is only enabled for fields that are actually visible to the user. In addition, for fields that are enclosed within the FormFragment, server-side validation and processing only occurs if the fields were visible to the user when the client-side form was submitted.


<html xmlns:t="">
        <h1>Order Address</h1>

        <t:form t:id="order">


            <div class="t-beaneditor">

                <h2>Billing Address</h2>

                <t:beaneditor t:id="billingAddress"/>

                <t:checkbox t:id="separateShipTo" t:mixins="triggerfragment" fragment="seperateShippingAddress"/>
                <t:label for="separateShipTo">Separate Ship To?</t:label>

                <t:formfragment t:id="seperateShippingAddress" visible="separateShipTo">

                    <h2>Shipping Address</h2>

                    <t:beaneditor t:id="shippingAddress"/>


                <div class="t-beaneditor-row">
                    <input type="submit" value="Continue"/>



The separateShipTo property is initially null, so the FormFragment is initially invisible. The BeanEditor and all of the individual fields are rendered, but the

for the FormFragment is simply invisible.

The TriggerFragment mixin adds a client-side trigger that will show or hide the fragment as the checkbox is clicked by the user.

public class OrderAddress
    private ShippingAddress billingAddress;

    private ShippingAddress shippingAddress;

    private boolean separateShipTo;

    Object onSuccessFromOrder()

The OrderAddress page is largely just a holder of the properties (for simplicity in this example, there is no event handler for the success event, nor are we going into other details that would be reflected in a real application).

The BeanEditor component will create default instances of billingAddress and shippingAddress. If the user does not choose to use a seperate ship-to, the shippingAddress property will contain an empty ShippingAddress object. The application will need to query the separateShipTo property to determine how to proceed once the form is succesfully submitted.


FormFragments are nestable, which can lead to complex (and perhaps, confusing) interfaces.

The FormFragment doesn't just prevent server-side input validation when invisible; it prevents any server-side processing for the components it encloses, as if the components were entirely absent.

If JavaScript is disabled on the client, the application will still operate, though the user will have to submit the form to have the fragment(s) update.

Constructor Summary
Method Summary
 String getClientId()
          Returns a unique id for the element.
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait

Constructor Detail


public FormFragment()
Method Detail


public String getClientId()
Description copied from interface: ClientElement
Returns a unique id for the element. This value will be unique for any given rendering of a page. This value is intended for use as the id attribute of the client-side element, and will be used with any DHTML/Ajax related JavaScript.

Specified by:
getClientId in interface ClientElement

Copyright © 2003-2012 The Apache Software Foundation.